Introduction to the High-Temperature Oxidation of Metals

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The first half provides an authoritative introduction to the basic principles, covering thermodynamics and mechanisms of high temperature corrosion of metals and alloys. The latter half extends the discussion to oxidation processes in complex systems, from reactions in mixed environments to protective techniques, including coatings and atmosphere control.

The authors provide a logical and expert treatment of the subject, producing a revised edition that will be a comprehensive guide to material scientists and engineers requiring an understanding of this elementary process.

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Sort order. Dave Hunt added it Mar 02, Mohammed Hindash marked it as to-read Nov 22, Elizabeth Aedyn River marked it as to-read Mar 07, Mayar Ashmawi is currently reading it Apr 20, Some metals, such as iron, will rust and oxidize very rapidly whereas other metals, such as nickel and chromium, are attacked relatively slowly. It will be seen that the nature of the surface layers produced on the metal plays a major role in the behaviour of these materials in aggressive atmospheres.

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Introduction To The High Temperature Oxidation Of Metals

The subject of high-temperature oxidation of metals is capable of extensive investigation and theoretical treatment. It is normally found to be a very satisfying subject to study. Initially, the subject was studied with the broad aim of preventing the deterioration of metals in service, i. In recent years, a wealth of mechanistic data has become available. These data cover a broad range of phenomena, e.

Such information is obtained by applying virtually every physical and chemical investigative technique to the subject. In this book the intention is to introduce the subject of high-temperature oxidation of metals to students and to professional engineers whose work demands familiarity with the subject. The emphasis of the book is placed firmly on supplying an understanding of the basic, or fundamental, processes involved in oxidation.

In order to keep to this objective, there has been no attempt to provide an exhaustive, or even extensive, review of the literature.

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In our opinion this would increase the factual content without necessarily improving the understanding of the subject and would, therefore, increase both the size and price of the book without enhancing its objective as an introduction to the subject. Extensive literature quotation is already available in books previously published on the subject and in review articles.


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Similarly the treatment of techniques of investigation has been restricted to a level that is sufficient for the reader to understand how the subject is studied without involving an overabundance of experimental details. Such details are available elsewhere as indicated.

After dealing with the classical situations involving the straightforward oxidation of metals and alloys in the first five chapters, the final chapters extend the discussion to reactions in mixed environments, i. Finally, some typical coatings for high-temperature applications and the use of protective atmospheres during processing are described.

The primary purpose of this book is to present an introduction to the fundamental principles that govern the interaction of reactive gaseous environments usually containing oxygen as a component and solid materials, usually metals, at high temperatures. These principles are applicable to a variety of applications, which can include those where oxidation is desirable, such as forming a resistive silica layer on silicon-based semiconductors or removing surface defects from steel slabs during processing by rapid surface oxidation.

ISBN 13: 9780713134643

However, most applications deal with situations where reaction of the component with the gaseous atmosphere is undesirable and one tries to minimize the rate at which such reactions occur. In contrast to aqueous corrosion, the temperatures considered in this book will always be high enough that water, when present in the systems, will be present as the vapour rather than the liquid. In designing alloys for use at elevated temperatures, the alloys must not only be as resistant as possible to the effects produced by reaction with oxygen, but resistance to attack by other oxidants in the environment is also necessary.

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In addition, the environment is not always only a gas since, in practice, the deposition of ash on the alloys is not uncommon. It is, therefore, more realistic in these cases to speak of the high-temperature corrosion resistance of materials rather than their oxidation resistance. The rate at which the reactions occur is governed by the nature of the reaction product which forms.

Introduction to the High-Temperature Oxidation of Metals, Second Edition

In the case of materials such as carbon the reaction product is gaseous CO and CO 2 , and does not provide a barrier to continued reaction. The materials that are designed for high-temperature use are protected by the formation of a solid reaction product usually an oxide which separates the component and atmosphere. The rate of further reaction is controlled by transport of reactants through this solid layer. In some cases, the barriers necessary to develop the desired resistance to corrosion can be formed on structural alloys by appropriate composition modification.